Judge Rüdiger Wolfrum
- Member of the Tribunal since 1 October 1996
- re-elected as from 1 October 1999 and 1 October 2008
- Vice-President of the Tribunal 1996-1999
- President of the Chamber for Marine Environment Disputes 1997-1999
- President of the Tribunal 2005-2008
- Member of the Special Chamber formed to deal with the Case concerning the Conservation and Sustainable Exploitation of Swordfish Stocks in the South-Eastern Pacific Ocean
Born: Berlin, Germany, 13 December 1941.
Education: First State Examination (1969); Second State Examination (1973); Dr. jur., University of Bonn (1973); Habilitation, venia legendi for National Public and International Public Law (1980).
Professional Experience: Assistant Professor, Institute of International Law, University of Bonn (1973-1982); Research fellow, Center for Oceans Law and Policy, University of Virginia (1977-1978); Professor of National Public and International Public Law, University of Mainz (1982); Professor, Chair of National Public and International Public Law and Director, Institute of International Law, University of Kiel (1982-1993); Vice-Rector, University of Kiel (1990-1993); Judge at the Courts of Appeal for Administrative Matters, Lüneburg and Schleswig (1986-1993); Director, Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Heidelberg (1993-present); Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Heidelberg (1993-present); Vice-President, German Research Foundation (1996-2002); Honorary Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Hamburg (2002-present); Vice-President, Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science (2002-2005).
Member: International Law Association (Board, German section, 1994-present); German delegation to: Third UN Conference on the Law of the Sea (1980-1982), Preparatory Commission for the International Seabed Authority and for the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (1982), 4th Special Consultative Meeting concerning Antarctic mineral resource activities (1983-1988); Chairman of the Legal Working Group of the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meetings preparing an Annex to the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty on responsibility for environmental damage (1993-1998); UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (1990-2000, re-elected 1994 and 1998); Founding Member of the Humanities Section of the German Academy of Natural Sciences (Leopoldina) (2003); Board of Trustees of the University of Hamburg (2003-present); Chairman, Board of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Völkerrecht (German Association for International Law) (2005-present); Institut de droit international (2007-present).
Publications: Author and editor of numerous books and articles on various issues of public international law, law of the sea, international environmental law, human rights, United Nations and the Antarctic, including: Internationalization of Common Spaces Outside National Jurisdiction: The Development of an International Administration for Antarctica, Outer Space, High Seas and Deep Seabed (in German), 1984; United Nations: law, policies, and practice, 1995; Enforcing Environmental Standards: Economic Mechanisms as Viable Means, 1996; The Right to a Fair Trial (together with D. Weissbrodt), 1997; “Means of Ensuring Compliance with and Enforcement of International Law”, Recueil des Cours de l’Académie de droit international de La Haye 272, 1998, 10 et seq.; International Law, vol. I/1, I/2, I/3 (in German; together with J. Delbrück), 2002; “Conflicts in International Environmental Law” (together with N. Matz), Beiträge zum ausländischen öffentlichen Recht und Völkerrecht, vol. 164, A. von Bogdandy and R. Wolfrum (eds.), 2003; “Equality and non-discrimination in national and international human rights protection” (ed.), Beiträge zum ausländischen öffentlichen Recht und Völkerrecht, vol. 165, 2003; “Developments of International Law in Treaty Making”, Beiträge zum ausländischen öffentlichen Recht und Völkerrecht, vol. 177, V. Röben and R. Wolfrum (eds.), 2005.